Today we increasingly hear and read that Christianity and Islam ‘share’ Jesus, that he belongs to both religions.So also with Abraham: there is talk of the West’s ‘Abrahamic civilization’ where once people spoke of ‘Judeo-Christian civilization’.This shift of thinking reflects the growing influence of Islam.
Islam the primordial faith Islam regards itself, not as a subsequent faith to Judaism and Christianity, but as the primordial religion, the faith from which Judaism and Christianity are subsequent developments.
In the Qur’an we read that Abraham ‘was not a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a monotheist, a Muslim’ (Âl 'Imran ).
So it is Muslims, and not Christians or Jews, who are the true representatives of the faith of Abraham to the world today.
(Al-Baqarah 5) The Biblical prophets were all Muslims Many prophets of the past received the one religion of Islam. According to Al-An’am -87 they include Ibrahim (Abraham), ‘Ishaq (Issac), Yaqub (Jacob), Nuh (Noah), Dawud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ayyub (Job), Yusuf (Joseph), Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Zakariyya (Zachariah), Yahya (John the Baptist), ‘Isa (Jesus), Ilyas, Ishmael, Al-Yash’a (Elisha), Yunus (Jonah) and Lut (Lot).
The Muslim ‘Isa (Jesus) There are two main sources for ‘Isa, the Muslim Jesus.
The Qur’an gives a history of his life, whilst the Hadith collections — recollections of Muhammad’s words and deeds — establish his place in the Muslim understanding of the future.
The Qur’an ‘Isa, was a prophet of Islam Jesus’ true name, according to the Qur’an, was ‘Isa. (Âl 'Imran ) Like all the Muslim prophets before him, and like Muhammad after him, ‘Isa was a lawgiver, and Christians should submit to his law.
(Âl 'Imran ; Al-Ma’idah ) ‘Isa’s original disciples were also true Muslims, for they said ‘We believe. We are Muslims.’ (Al-Ma’idah 1) ‘The Books’ Like other messengers of Islam before him, ‘Isa received his revelation of Islam in the form of a book.
(Al-An’am ) ‘Isa’s book is called the Injil or ‘gospel’.
(Al-Ma’idah ) The Torah was Moses’ book, and the Zabur (Psalms) were David’s book. The one religion revealed in these books was Islam.
(Âl 'Imran ) As with previous prophets, ‘Isa’s revelation verified previous prophets’ revelations.