Interview procedures for validating science assessments single mom of twins dating
If the client indicates having thoughts or having made attempts in the past, even if there is no current ideation, past experiences should be thoroughly explored. There are also times (due to the emotional and cognitive state of the client) when administration of a test would not be prudent.
If the client does not answer questions about suicide, the answers are vague, or if the client conveys that he/she has entertained thoughts of suicide then…Examples: “If you were to commit suicide, how would you do it? *For a discussion on suicide assessment instruments, see Brems, 2000 and Westefeld, Range, Rogers, Maples, Bromley, and Alcorn, 2000).
Information that is gathered during assessment should be documented (See Ethical and Legal Aspects)There are recommendations that counselors conduct suicide risk assessments on all clients presenting for therapy (Laux, 2002).
It is common practice that suicide ideation is assessed through intake forms and intake interviews Specifically, clients presenting with depression or depressive symptoms or in states of crisis should be questioned for suicidal ideation.
Your personal situation will also be discussed briefly in an assessment interview.
Another component of assessments consists of tests, researching different aspects.
The essential skills and conditions of counseling (empathy, reflections, restatements, attending, active listening, etc.) are important in suicide assessments and intervention.
If using depression inventories, special attention should be given to questions related to suicidal thoughts (such as question 9 on the Beck Depression Inventory).
As the client tells his/her story, the counselor should be listening (and looking) for the presence of risk factors and protective factors. ” The previous questions have related specifically to suicide ideation.
As the number of risk factors increases particularly in the absence of protective factors, suicide risk increases and should be questioned. In addition, questions that assess for risk and protective factors are explored.
As a counselor attends to the client, language that reflects feelings of hopelessness and despair should be noticed and explored. All of this information aids in determining risk and subsequent interventions.